Executive Compensation at Private and Public Colleges
The Chronicle's executive-compensation package includes data on more than 1,200 chief executives at nearly 600 private colleges from 2008-13 and 250 public universities and systems from 2010-15. Updated in July, 2016, with 2014-15 public college data.
Tuitions Equivalent to Total Compensation
Compensation per Million in Expenses
Data here may vary from what appeared in the print, due to updates and corrections received after publication.
N/A Not applicable
* Partial-year compensation
a This president has taken a vow of poverty and does not receive compensation.
b This president's salary is paid directly to his/her religious order.
c This president did not appear on this year's tax filings because he/she was not an officer during the corresponding fiscal year.
d This president has taken a vow of poverty and does not receive compensation. Compensation is paid directly to his/her religious order.
d This president was listed twice on the 990. The figures shown represent both listings.
These data show the total compensation received by chief executives of public colleges and university systems from 2010-11 through 2014-15 and private colleges from 2008 through 2013.
All individuals, including interim leaders, who served in the capacity of chief executive are included. Often, more than one president serves during a given year. Presidents who serve less than the full year are noted.
Pay for public colleges is based on the institution’s fiscal year, which usually runs from July 1 through June 30. Pay for private colleges is based on the calendar year, January 1 through December 31.
Information about presidents' tenures and prior employment was obtained from college websites, newspaper archives, or university offices. Photographs were obtained from university websites.
The Chronicle's algorithm for determining "similar institutions" uses factors such as Carnegie classification, endowment value, total expenditures, percent of expenditures spent on instruction, admissions rate, and religious affiliation, as well as enrollment, percent of graduate students, percent of undergraduates who are 25 or older, percent of Pell Grant recipients, and median SAT score.
Institutions' total expenses, average tuitions, and faculty salaries come from the U.S. Department of Education's Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, or Ipeds, and in the case of expenses, are for the most recent year available at the time the salary data were gathered — usually the academic year preceding the compensation year. These data are excluded for systems.
The Chronicle surveyed institutions to collect these public data. Our analysis includes all public doctoral universities in the United States and all state college and university systems or governing boards with at least three campuses and 50,000 total students in the same academic year as the compensation data being reported. (The 2010 through 2012 surveys were based on public research universities and affiliated systems with enrollments of at least 10,000, and universities with smaller enrollments that are state flagships.)
Chief executives who lead both a university system and its main campus are listed under the campus name.
Since 2013, we have included the names and titles of the five highest-paid employees at each institution as provided by the institutions. These employees' 2013 total-compensation figures include deferred compensation set aside and retirement pay that was set aside, while the 2014 figures do not.
Public-college compensation data are not directly comparable to data reported for private nonprofit institutions. Those figures include slightly different categories, such as the value of various nontaxable benefits. They are reported by calendar rather than fiscal year and are taken from the IRS Form 990. More on private-college data below.
Base pay: Total base salary provided to the chief executive, including compensation from private university-related foundations.
Bonus pay: The value of all bonuses and incentive compensation paid out to the chief executive.
Deferred compensation, paid out: Compensation that was set aside in previous years and paid out during the fiscal year covered.
Severance pay: Payments made to the chief executive upon his or her resignation or firing, as determined by his or her contract, separation agreement, or a legal settlement. This can include severance pay, unused vacation pay, or other agreed-upon separation pay.
Deferred compensation, set aside: Deferred compensation set aside in the fiscal year covered that is to be paid out in future years. This includes contributions to supplemental executive retirement plans. This does not overlap with any compensation paid out in the reported year. Some of the compensation in this category may be counted again in the year in which it is paid out. (As this is not paid out during the reporting year, it is not included in “Total Compensation.”)
Retirement pay: Payments made by the university on behalf of the chief executive to a retirement plan that is available to any university employee during the fiscal year. This can include 401(k) plans, state pension plans, and other retirement plans that are broadly available. (As this is not paid out during the reporting year, it is not included in “Total Compensation.”)
The following colleges and systems declined to provide data we requested for the 2015 data year:
Alabama Community College System and City Colleges of Chicago did not provide the data we requested. In addition, the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor declined to provide the name of a physician listed in its top-five-compensated non-CEO employees, citing the person’s name to be a “trade secret.” The University of Hawaii System Office and the University of Hawaii at Manoa declined to provide data for the five highest-paid non-CEO employees, while the Wisconsin Technical College System declined to provide data for its fourth- and fifth-highest-paid non-CEO employees. Massachusetts Community Colleges was not surveyed since it does not have the oversight powers of a traditional state-college-system office.
We reviewed data for the private nonprofit baccalaureate, master's, and doctoral institutions with the 500 largest endowments, as reported to Ipeds. Some nonprofit colleges don't report the value of their endowments to Ipeds, and those are excluded from our analysis.
Compensation data were compiled from the Internal Revenue Service's Form 990, which is filed by most nonprofit entities and are reported by calendar year. Some private nonprofit universities cite a religious exemption from filing the Form 990 and were therefore excluded from our analysis. The excluded institutions are Brigham Young University- Idaho, Brigham Young University- Provo, and Brigham Young University-Hawaii.
Some Roman Catholic colleges whose presidents are members of religious orders pay no direct compensation to their chief executives, instead allocating money to the religious order. Compensation for these presidents may be reported as $0.
Names and titles of "key employees" provided for comparison appear as they did on the colleges' Form 990s.
Base pay: Base salary plus sick pay paid by the employer and employee contributions to a 401(k) or 403(b) plan.
Bonus pay: Incentive pay and signing bonuses.
Nontaxable benefits: Health and medical benefits, life insurance, housing provided by the employer, personal legal and financial services, dependent care, adoption assistance, tuition assistance, and cafeteria plans.
Other pay: Miscellaneous pay and benefits, including severance payments, tax gross-ups (money an employer provides an employee for taxes paid on benefits), vacation leave cashed out, debt forgiveness, fellowships, employer-provided vehicles and parking, housing payments, travel, meals, moving expenses, entertainment, spending accounts, and club dues. Vested deferred compensation, meaning money set aside in previous years that was paid out to the employee in the current year, can also be included in other pay. May also include interest accrued on deferred compensation.
Deferred compensation, set aside: Deferred compensation set aside in the fiscal year covered that is to be paid out in future years. This includes contributions to supplemental executive retirement plans. Retirement may also be included in 2009-2012. This does not overlap with any compensation paid out in the reported year. Some of the compensation in this category may be counted again in the year in which it is paid out. (As this is not paid out during the reporting year, it is not included in "Total Compensation.")
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