Lowered Cites

Even as citation rates become a key measure of productivity, 
women don’t refer to their own research nearly as often as men do.

Lowered Cites 3

Sam Hodgson for The Chronicle

Barbara Walter, a professor of political science at the U. of California at San Diego, has studied scholars’ citation patterns in the field 
of international relations. In some women’s view, it’s “dirty and underhanded” to cite your own work, she says.

When Barbara F. Walter went to Princeton University last spring to tell political-science professors about her study revealing a new gender gap in academic publishing, she was surprised to see the reasons for the divide play out right in front of her.

Her study documented that in scholarship on international relations, work by men is cited more often than work by women. Among