Have U.S. ‘Shame Lists’ Helped Lower Tuition? Probably Not.

Three years ago, the Education Department published the first of its annual College Affordability and Transparency Lists, a series of six rankings based on college tuition and net price.

The federal watch lists, dubbed the "wall of shame" by college lobbyists, are meant to pressure institutions to rein in their tuition, while enabling consumers to compare colleges based on costs.

But as President Obama moves forward with his broader college-rating plan, it is unclear whether