Marshall Berman, a professor of political science at the City University of New York's City College who taught courses on Marxism and contemporary political thought, died on September 11. He was 73. His books include All That Is Solid Melts Into Air and Adventures in Marxism. He was a longtime contributor to the quarterly magazine Dissent and other publications, and was a board member of Dissent.
Albert A. Bartlett, a professor emeritus of physics at the University of Colorado at Boulder who was known for his talk on the impact of population growth on energy consumption, died on September 7. He was 90. He first gave the lecture, "Arithmetic, Population, and Energy," to university students in 1969 and repeated it more than 1,700 times. His teaching career at Boulder began in 1950, and he continued to teach long after his retirement, in 1988.
McCay Vernon, a former psychology professor at Western Maryland College (now McDaniel College) who wrote several books and many journal articles on the deaf, died at his home in Florida on August 28. He was 84. He was a strong advocate of the use of sign language and is known for debunking in the 1960s the long-held idea that the deaf were intellectually inferior to hearing people by noting biases in the way IQ tests were given to deaf children.
Stephen M. Ross, a scholar who wrote three books on William Faulkner and retired this year as director of the Office of Challenge Grants at the National Endowment for the Humanities, died in Philadelphia on August 21 after suffering a stroke. He was 69. Last year the Folio Society published a limited edition of Faulkner's The Sound and the Fury created by Mr. Ross and another scholar, Noel Polk, in which they differentiated the 14 time periods in the book with different colored inks.
Ellen Fanning, a Vanderbilt University biology professor who did research on DNA, died on September 1 after suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. She was 67. In 2002 she established the university's Howard Hughes Undergraduate Research Program, which gave undergraduates more opportunities to be involved in scientific research.
John J. Gilligan, a professor emeritus of law at the University of Notre Dame and a former governor of Ohio, died on August 26 at his home in Cincinnati. He was 92. He joined the Notre Dame faculty in 1979 and was appointed seven years later as the first director of Notre Dame's Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies.
Andrew Goodwin, a media-studies professor at the University of San Francisco, died on September 10 after a fire broke out in his apartment building in Berkeley, Calif. He was 56. He is the author of Dancing in the Distraction Factory: Music Television and Popular Culture (University of Minnesota Press, 1992).
David S. Landes, a retired professor of history and a professor emeritus of economics at Harvard University, died on August 17. He was 89. In his 1998 book, The Wealth and Poverty of Nations: Why Some Are So Rich and Some So Poor (W.W. Norton), he argued that industrialization, inventiveness, Protestant values, and a preference for advancement by merit have made some nations progress more than others. He was on Harvard's faculty from 1964 until his retirement, in 1997.
Allan Gotthelf, a philosopher who wrote on both Aristotle and Ayn Rand, died on August 30 after a battle with cancer. He was 70. At the time of his death, he was a fellow for research and teaching in philosophy at Rutgers University and a professor emeritus of philosophy at the College of New Jersey. Among his books are On Ayn Rand (Wadsworth/Thomson Learning, 2000) and Teleology, First Principles and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology (Oxford University Press, 2012).