Why Race Preferences in Admissions Aren't the Answer

Does the Constitution -- specifically, the 14th Amendment's equal-protection clause -- prohibit colleges and universities from racially discriminating in favor of Hispanic, American Indian, and, most of all, black students in granting admission? That's the chief question raised by the cases against the University of Michigan and its law school that are now before the Supreme Court.

If constitutional amendments were treated as real provisions of law -- that is, as having some