• September 3, 2015

Whistle-Blowing Adjunct at Binghamton U. Finds Few Allies in Local Faculty Union

Sally Dear 2

Michael Okoniewski

Sally Dear, whose contract at Binghamton U. was not renewed for the spring semester, made headlines last year after drawing attention to problems with Binghamton's basketball program.

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close Sally Dear 2

Michael Okoniewski

Sally Dear, whose contract at Binghamton U. was not renewed for the spring semester, made headlines last year after drawing attention to problems with Binghamton's basketball program.

An adjunct professor at Binghamton University has filed a grievance against the institution, saying it did not renew her teaching contract for next semester as part of a campaign to get rid of her after she refused to give players in its scandal-ridden basketball program better grades.

The adjunct, Sally Dear, said that in filing the grievance she had to sidestep the faculty-union chapter on her campus, which is part of the State University of New York system, because a professor who sits on the chapter's executive board was involved in the basketball scandal. In addition, Ms. Dear said, the chapter's board is reluctant to draw more attention to problems with the basketball program by supporting her complaints.

"I said I want a grievance filed, and I want it filed now," Ms. Dear said she told James A. Dix, an associate professor of chemistry at Binghamton and the interim president of Binghamton's chapter of the United University Professions. (Mr. Dix is not the professor who was part of the basketball team's problems.) But Ms. Dear said Mr. Dix "made it crystal clear to me I did not have support of the local UUP."

Ms. Dear said she then went to state leaders of the union, who helped her file the grievance last Friday. The complaint alleges that in failing to renew her teaching contract for the coming semester, Binghamton violated her academic freedom under the union's collective-bargaining agreement. According to the grievance, which was sent to C. Peter Magrath—Binghamton's interim president—Ms. Dear's nonrenewal was "motivated by the events that ... are still ongoing in the athletic-department scandal."

45-Day Deadline

In a telephone interview, Mr. Dix said there had simply been a misunderstanding between him and Ms. Dear. He said that he did not realize she wanted the local chapter to file a grievance but that "we were certainly willing to do that." He said he had been pursuing other possibilities with the union—including passing a resolution supporting Ms. Dear—but the chapter was still discussing how to handle her case.

Ms. Dear said she didn't have time to wait. She needed to file a grievance within 45 days of learning, in an October e-mail message, that her contract to teach in the sociology department would not be renewed. This past semester, Ms. Dear taught two sections of a sociology course called "Diversity and Social Justice." The e-mail message—from Jean-Pierre Mileur, Binghamton's interim provost—said the university had looked at potential teaching opportunities for Ms. Dear, but, "taking into consideration scholarly needs and budgetary constraints, ... nothing has presented itself in time for the spring semester."

This is not the first time Binghamton has told Ms. Dear she would not be reappointed. Most notably, in September 2009, following an article in The New York Times that quoted Ms. Dear as saying she had been pressured to give basketball players better grades than they deserved, the university said her position would not be renewed. It blamed budget problems. After Ms. Dear complained to other newspaper reporters and to the American Association of University Professors, she was reinstated.

All along, Ms. Dear has asserted that she is a casualty of the extensive fallout over the university's troubled basketball program. Last year the university dismissed some players, one of whom had been accused of selling crack cocaine. Eventually both the university's basketball coach and its athletic director resigned after an audit of the basketball program, ordered by the president of the SUNY system, found that Binghamton had admitted players who didn't qualify academically. In January, Binghamton's president, Lois B. DeFleur, announced that she would retire.

A Lingering Scandal

But Ms. Dear said the effects of the basketball scandal still lingered. The union's own executive board, she said, was reluctant to support her for fear of reigniting controversy over the issue. The union also faces a conflict of interest, said Ms. Dear, because Sandra D. Michael, a professor of biological sciences and the university's former faculty athletics representative, sits on the union's board. Ms. Michael was faulted in the basketball-program audit for lobbying the admissions office to admit players with low grade-point averages.

Ms. Michael did not return e-mail messages and telephone calls seeking comment from The Chronicle. But when asked about the possible conflict regarding Ms. Michael, Mr. Dix said the union "welcomes diversity on its executive board."

Ms. Dear said because of the deep-seated conflicts over the basketball program, she was unsure whether her grievance could get a fair hearing, not only at Binghamton but also across the state. The first step in the grievance process is for Binghamton officials to hold a hearing on her complaint. If the complaint isn't resolved that way, it could go to the central SUNY administration, and then to an outside arbitrator.

Paul Zarembka, a professor of economics at the University at Buffalo, another campus in the SUNY system, and an officer in the UUP chapter there, helped advise Ms. Dear about the grievance. He said he, too, had his doubts. "I'm concerned the Binghamton University administration will not move on it and the union won't move on it," he said.

Gail Glover, a spokeswoman for Binghamton, would not address the specifics of Ms. Dear's complaint. But she said: "The university will follow the standard protocol for processing the grievance." Ms. Glover also said that while the university did not have work for Ms. Dear now, she was not barred from applying to teach in the future.


1. amnirov - December 15, 2010 at 01:23 am

No surprises here.

2. hoppingmadjunct - December 15, 2010 at 07:06 am

Binghamton is not the only UUP chapter with a local leadership slow to take action on behalf of its part-time members. Besides the common split in priorities, if not outright conflict of interest, between full- and part-time faculty, local union leadership is often so heavily invested in campus programs and politics as to behave like an extension of management. As an elected part-time UUP representative on two different SUNY campuses, I've been abruptly silenced in labor-management meetings by my chapter president, unanimously voted against by my Executive Board on an issue involving a department chair ("We're all either chairs or have been ourselves," it was explained to me later), and finally told outright by another Executive Board member that I should "find another forum" for part-time issues. Maybe the eggregious circumstances of Ms. Dear's case and the national media attention it's received will help to overcome the inertia on addressing contingent faculty rights that's characterized American higher education for decades. Seventy percent of all faculty now, teachers of half the undergraduate education in the country, can only hope so.

3. jeff1 - December 15, 2010 at 07:26 am

Really Ms. Dear right is right but what is your goal? What do you possibly hope to achieve?

4. baracoa - December 15, 2010 at 07:54 am

Ms. Right did the right thing. Good for you!

The conflicts of interest with standing faculty committees on grievances --union or otherwise-- are often great.

Getting university faculty to form some sort of solidarity around colleagues (and they may view you as 'second string' since you adjunct), is like trying to herd cats.

In Europe and Latin America there really is much more solidarity; in the latter, they even vote on their Deans!

Thanks for fighting the good fight against sports infringement into the academy, and faculty/union dilettantes who are too elitist to get involved.

You go girl!

5. quidditas - December 15, 2010 at 07:58 am

"local union leadership is often so heavily invested in campus programs and politics as to behave like an extension of management."

Tenured faculty ARE an "extension of management." The only issue is what principles they choose to uphold AS an extension of management. In this case, do they support Dear in her bid to uphold academic standards or do they become enablers of the athletic program?

Binghamton faculty chose to be enablers of the athletic program as opposed to upholding academic standards, and now they're making the headlines.

6. quidditas - December 15, 2010 at 08:05 am

"Getting university faculty to form some sort of solidarity around colleagues (and they may view you as 'second string' since you adjunct), is like trying to herd cats."

Is the issue here really that the tenured faculty failed to expand the tribe to which it extends its protection (like the mob?) or is the issue that in failing to support a colleague seeking to uphold academic standards, they failed to uphold academic standards?

I think they failed to uphold academic standards, which is one of their managerial responsibilities.

7. davi2665 - December 15, 2010 at 08:45 am

Corruption in sports still is the tail that wags the university dog. Good for Sally Dear for not knuckling under to pressure to give better grades to academically "challenged" athletes, and for having the courage to blow the whistle even in the face of pressure from faculty, administrators, and the toady union. Unfortunately, the person who has the courage to take a principled stand often ends up getting crushed by the corrupt university political machine.

8. 22221757 - December 15, 2010 at 08:47 am

Peter McGrath's hands are dirty in this deal but he is too busy to deal with it as he is in Korea right now.

9. d_e_rutckarf - December 15, 2010 at 08:53 am

Typical. My experience with unions (both as a professor and as a professional) is that they are largely useless. At the beginning, I'm sure they functioned as advocates, but as they mature, they become an entity that works for its own survival within the administration. (#3 hoppingmadjunct's comments are dead on). Faculty become the means for that survival, and to that extent, they may choose to protect you, but in my experiences, they were completely unhelpful. In one case (professional union) a signed contract was broken, and the union did NOTHING. In a minor grievance as a professor, the union did nothing more than accompany me to meetings, and the rep just sat there, never saying a word.

I now work at a non-union school--salary is higher than union schools nearby, the grievance process is clear and robust, and there's no false hope that the "cavalry" is going to come in to help if there's a problem.

10. dank48 - December 15, 2010 at 08:56 am

"Diversity and Social Justice" indeed. Sally Dear did the right thing, and her colleagues did what? This says as much about them as it does about her. I hope she's hired at a school that has more appreciation of integrity. And courage.

11. professor01 - December 15, 2010 at 09:12 am

And so it goes. As a BU alum, my response to this ongoing saga has been to tell BU that there will be no $$ donations coming from me to the institution until everything is resolved, including hiring a full-time president who is fully committed to academic excellence. I would ask other alumnae also to vote their disgust with this mess by withholding their donations. If nothing else resonantes with the BU elite, maybe loss of alumnae financial support will get their attention.

12. laro1470 - December 15, 2010 at 09:16 am

She has no right to expect another appointment when her last one ended. All adjuncts in SUNY are like that and she is no exception just because she blew the whistle on something. She may have done the right thing but so did the campus.

13. shariyat5 - December 15, 2010 at 09:23 am

ADJUCNT = NO RIGHTS. Lets face it folks,they love it that way.Any excuse in the book, to get rid of you,if you rock the boat. When will someone stand up to the injustice- no rehire rights,no job security,usually no benefits and definitly pauper's pay? YOU GO DEAR!

14. nacrandell - December 15, 2010 at 09:40 am

This sounds like Jan Kemp and the University of Georgia football players. After the lawsuit, awarding her 2 million+, she said her purpose was to help the student players who didn't go pro.

Universities profit from the teams and should at least honor their offer of an education for these students. The administration's decisions cost the university, tax-payer and the students.

15. bowl_haircut - December 15, 2010 at 09:55 am

And this, my young friends, is precisely why we need (a) tenure and (b) unions for ALL teaching and instructional faculty, from the lowliest graduate research assistant to the mightiest Budweiser/Kraft Macaroni and Cheese/Marlboro Cigarettes Super Well-Endowed Distinguished Chair of Partying Down.

16. formerprof05 - December 15, 2010 at 10:01 am

As the number of part-time faculty grows while the number of full-time faculty declines, we are headed for a corporatization of higher education in the U.S. that resembles what is happening in the U.K. (see Stanley Fish's recent piece in the New York Times: http://nyti.ms/fRuF3c). As BU demonstrates, employment practices will come to mirror Wal-Mart's. Glad to be out of the game, but I'm concerned about what happens to education in a society in decline.

17. gilmojo - December 15, 2010 at 10:04 am

As a gradute student/teaching fellow, I experienced a similar situation (in regards to grades and athletes) at a school with a prestigious basketball team. I was told to change the grades, end of story. I didn't have a union to back me up and wish I did.
I agree with bowl_haircut that we need unions and also want to add that we should re-evaluate college athletics in general.

18. lsadc - December 15, 2010 at 10:19 am

Professor01 @ #11:

As a fellow alum, I thoroughly agree. I sent a letter to McGrath after the $1 million settlement with the former coach. What a boondoggle that was. McGrath's response was not reassuring.

19. tappat - December 15, 2010 at 10:23 am

Tenure Dear et al. right now.

20. paltz - December 15, 2010 at 10:26 am

I sympathize with and support Sally Dear. Punishing her will only worsen Binghamton's reputation. Another group that the union does not support is librarians. Across the system they are being put into communial work spaces with classified staff with the result that professorial faculty do not know who does what to create the library they need. They respect the library we create but do not respect us. Grievance efforts by librarians do not get real support. CSEA gives better support to library clerical staff than our union does for its librarians.

21. sophox - December 15, 2010 at 10:54 am

Firing Ms. Dear is a demonstration of poor ethics because it creates *suspicion* of impropriety, and that in itself is poor judgment.

Still: does Ms. Dear possess smoking gun evidence linking the events? At the very least, I'd like to know if the classes she teaches are filled to capacity, and whether the person hired to replace her has better credentials.

I mean, plenty of schools are dropping adjuncts with no more motivation than financial savings. You're gonna need *evidence* to indicate that this is anything more. An alleged motive just won't cut it.

22. impossible_exchange - December 15, 2010 at 10:55 am

Let the light of day expose the scum hiding in the dark.
It is the only way forward.
Anything else is enabling a dysfunctional culture.

23. bowl_haircut - December 15, 2010 at 11:10 am

@sophox (#21):

But that's just it, she wasn't "fired"--at least not in any traditional sense of the term. Adjuncts don't get fired, they just don't get their contracts renewed. Big difference.

So, as a result, precious few adjuncts have anything resembling the same rights as regular employees (whether part-time or full-time): rarely do they have any legal claims to unemployment benefits, COBRA, disability, etc. I agree with formerprof05: give it 15 to 20 years, and the vast majority of institutions--save for a few ultra-elite brand names: Harvard, Princeton, Yale, possibly Berkeley--will resemble a nightmarish "Academic Wal-Mart." ("Pick up on Aisle #3: immediate staffing required for PSYC 101." Damn. I just took my 5 minute smoke break...)

Full-timers have got to pull their heads out of their [expletive] and realize that this is serious business. And it affects everyone.

24. shariyat5 - December 15, 2010 at 11:20 am

Ive spent the last 13 years fighting these issues. If its not giving sports students passing grades, its studnet compaints ( for whatever they are unhappy about ) told we are combative IF WE COMPLAIN,told we have no classes for ANY JUSTIFICATION they can come up with. IVe seen such horrors and not just myself but many of my collegues. ANy one writing a book? I have 13 years and seven districts of stories to share. Unions sit on their hands and claim " sorry Ed code wont let us help you." CWA, and CTA you know what I mean.
Here is one example:
At MT Sac ( Calif Community COllege )
I was absent for more than one day in a semester and they deducted $500 from my paycheck. When I complianed to the payroll person, I was told ," Thats the way it is!" BTW my classes were dropped and when I contacted the union,they said , " Thats the way it works here." What a crock! No one is making these adminstrators accountable and unions are afraid ( in thise wonderful econonmy ) to do anything.
Be forwarned: Many full time faculty think they are the royalty and we are peasants.
Lets see, what happened last time they said
Some one needs to stand up for the rights of part time faculty as they have NONE.

25. jbarman - December 15, 2010 at 11:28 am

And after all that....the men's basketball team is 2-6 so far this year.

26. shariyat5 - December 15, 2010 at 11:28 am

Dear You deserve better and I hope you fight and win.Unfortunately you will probally be blackballed ( under the table most likley ) Rememeber one time all blacks were told to drink at seperate fountains and ride seperate buses and now we have a Black president. This is not about race it's about HUMAN rights.Adjucnts deserve better!Its not OK. It never was ok.We need representation that will fight back and new ed codes and contracts to support us.Let anyone know who can help. Its time for change! I could on and on but Ill spare the delusional minority who think they can do whatever they feel like it and get anyway with it. Why not? They have been doing it for years. ASk Marguaret Qualm or any other dvocates who have tried and gave up.

27. gaprofessor - December 15, 2010 at 11:40 am

Unfortunately she now has whistleblower disease--pretty fatal to careers and often to the wellbeing of those who stand up to be counted. Jan Kemp is a great example of someone else who did the right thing and was treated badly especially after she won the suit.

28. partly_cloudy - December 15, 2010 at 12:16 pm

Just like with other temp work, I'm sure adjuncts can be non-renewed for any reason at all and the college will have some convenient excuse handy that no one can either verify or deny, like "budgetary concerns," that would easily cover up for simply wanting to get rid of someone who exposes corruption. It's like this with all temp work. As shariyat5 commented above, adjunct="temp"=no rights (or power). Which IS just how employers want it.

29. davi2665 - December 15, 2010 at 04:00 pm

Sally Dear should seek legal support to go after Binghamton for retaliation against a whistleblower. The new laws are even more demanding and punitive to wrongdoing than they were a few years ago. The only way to stop retaliation against someone for doing what is right is to give them significant financial penalties, and keep their wretched behavior in the public limelight for all to see.

30. more_cowbell - December 15, 2010 at 04:46 pm

This is a good example of the limitations of what a union can do for adjuncts. You may win the battle but you'll lose the war.

31. bowl_haircut - December 15, 2010 at 05:50 pm

"This is a good example of the limitations of what a union can do for adjuncts. You may win the battle but you'll lose the war."

Not sure I understand how you arrive at this conclusion. Care to elaborate?

32. rebeccaleone - December 15, 2010 at 05:55 pm

I'm glad I'm anonymous on this thing because I would probably get lynched for saying this: I agree adjuncts should have rights, etc.--that's kind of clear, isn't it? However, the moral outrage here is inspiring to the point I'm getting ready to gag. The reason that we have "seventy percent of all faculty now, teachers of half the undergraduate education in the country" as adjuncts out there [according to "hoppingmadjunct"] is because there are just a lot of us who love teaching a subject but can't break into a full-time tenure track job. I teach English as an adjunct. I'm a dime a dozen. But as long as there are so many English PhDs out there and so few jobs, adjuncts will teach it as a choice. They're not FORCED to. I could be a secretary for example. I support Sally Dear of course but it's not like she went into teaching as an adjunct blindly.

33. bowl_haircut - December 15, 2010 at 06:21 pm


Unfortunately, it's an all too-common misunderstanding that "the jobs just aren't out there." Actually, there are more students enrolling in American higher education today than ever before in history. Period. In some parts of the country, there aren't even enough instructors to staff classes (believe me, I've heard stories). If all American college students were taught by full-time, fully-benefited, fairly-compensated faculty--as the vast majority of them were in the 1950s and 60s (what is often referred to as the "golden age of American higher education"--then you simply wouldn't see the vast exploitation, the psychological and emotional anguish, and the other myriad problems associated with adjuncts and other contingent workers in higher ed.

Admins, deans, presidents, union reps, and (unfortunately) a lot of the mainstream media that even bother to report on higher ed issues would have you believe that it's all about budget shortfalls and declining tax revenue and the general defunding of higher education by state legislatures. While this is certainly part of the overall problem, it is also the case that teaching positions in universities and colleges have undergone a continual process of casualization since at least the early 1970s. But then--as indeed now--the tenured professoriate stood idly by and allowed these injustices to continue.

See my post above (#23) of the Wal-Mart-ization of higher education. It literally scares the crap out of me, but I really believe this (or something close to it) is on the horizon for most of us--the comfortably tenured included.

34. shariyat5 - December 15, 2010 at 06:22 pm

Im always amazed when I see that someone rationalizes the way adjuncts are treated. I have a doctorate and won a few battles but untimately the war rages one and adjuncts are unemployed- AGAIN.I know, becuase I go with them from campus to campus looking for equity,repect and anyone who gives a damn.We need lobyist who will fight for bills giving us the rights to employment,rehire,health and dental benefits instead of being at the mercy of some power hungry Dept chair or apathetic union. I do wish someone with some power would stand up and help!You can make a difference for so many!

35. amnirov - December 15, 2010 at 08:00 pm

I hope she can sue and win the equivalent of a liftetime's tenured pay at Binghampton. But the union's impotence is simply not that shocking. Unions are largely useless and will close ranks with whoever has the most seniority, thereby always siding against adjuncts. What do unions offer in exchange? Press releases about social justice in distant countries.

36. quidditas - December 15, 2010 at 09:03 pm

"What do unions offer in exchange? Press releases about social justice in distant countries."

Yeah, that's interesting. I suppose back in the day it was "workers of the world unite." But then Robert Rubin turned it into a moral rationale for exporting domestic US jobs in the name of international social justice--the economic companion piece to Bill Clinton's liberal interventionism in foreign policy. (ie., Kosovo--today, we have Iraq and Afghanistan).

Such unions have been slow to awake from their 100 year stupor and take note of the fact that the neoliberals have stolen their platform right out from under them.

37. jffoster - December 16, 2010 at 07:14 am

I doubt she'll win anything in her suit unless her contract is written so as to imply an expectation of renewal. And that the union could do much under such circumstances is also doubtful. Battles one has no chance of winning are generally best not engaged in.

38. jeff1 - December 16, 2010 at 07:31 am

Amen jffoster. Battles that are futile are best left until such time as they are more realistic. In the end Ms. Dear you will be left with nothing except a bad name in higher education and a bad taste in your mouth. Too bad for you and for SUNY.

39. dank48 - December 16, 2010 at 08:19 am

It's an extremely slender silver lining, but thanks to Sally Dear's integrity and Binghamton's response, adjuncts at Binghamton now know exactly what to expect from the university, not to mention from the faculty union.

Easy to say, well, it wasn't me this time.

No. Not this time.

40. shariyat5 - December 16, 2010 at 01:37 pm

Right,its not you this time! But next time?If we get the word out there on what one should be aware of, when teaching as adjunct maybe a few more jobs can be saved.It always comes when you not looking and BAM someone complains,the boss has a bad day or bad career,your union just wnated your dues but couldnt help when your classes were slashed and the list goes on.Be aware and fight back when you can, even if its just a spoonful at time for the mountain to be moved!

41. tee_bee - December 16, 2010 at 03:55 pm

One of the best things about leaving the SUNY system for another job was leaving behind the ossified, incompetent and completely out-of-touch leadership of the UUP. My campus's (one of the four University Centers) UUP leadership was largely a bunch of Movement types and frustrated labor historians who loved little more than a rousing rendition of Solidarity Forever. The UUP at my campus existed to comfort the comforted, afflict the afflicted, and to stand firmly for important core values, such as mendacity and mediocrity. If UUP works for you, that's great. But for me, it just got in the way.

42. bentlepw - December 16, 2010 at 04:43 pm

Sally Dear should be lionized for blowing the whistle last year and for questioning the administrations when it (conveniently) can't find a course or two for her to teach. HOWEVER, let's be clear that a grievance HAS been filed by UUP, despite whatever mishandling happened at the chapter. And, the fact remains that she may well wind up in the catbird's seat as the State and Feds fiddle while public higher education goes down in flames. Tenure is on the way out--all of us should be marching and fomenting about the state of higher education including the horrendous exploiation of part-time faculty, who do full-time work! To paraphrase Dennis Kucinich at the 2008 Democratic National Convention, "Wake up, America! Your opportunities for higher educaiton are eroding and our greed and avarice have affected the very folks we used to think were the most revered and privileged. Wake up, America!!

43. 11241058 - December 16, 2010 at 07:11 pm

Unfortunately, adjunct faculty have no right and no benefit. Colleges and universities use them to lower the cost of operation and when they are done.... bye bye....

Although, as an individual I am not the type to tattle tale, I know many adjuncts who do and for specific reasons. The main reason is to have an opportunity to become full time. It is so sad to see bunch of educators become so deceitful.

44. slug_brain - December 17, 2010 at 09:58 am

Kudos to Sally Dear for her persistence! And while it's true that local union chapters may drift or be drawn into complicity with management, it's also true that without UUP there would be no grievance procedure for Ms. Dear to pursue! Many of the comments posted (with the happy exception of #42 by bentlepw and some others) choose to excoriate the union -- that's not a productive strategy. Yes, we need to IMPROVE UUP. But we'd be much worse off without it.

45. mlaureys - December 17, 2010 at 08:26 pm

I am an adjunct. I already accepted that political prisoners in China make more money than I. But I took the work because I love to teach. I figured I sacrifice money for the dignity of higher learning. But an adjunct is denied even that. We are basically there to take a attendance and enter a grade at the end.

Indeed, I have to submit final grades tomorrow. There are a few students whom I know will complain if I give them the deserved grade (they couldn't even keep the "attendance" end of the deal). I've been waivering and wondering -- worried that I won't get rehired in the spring if I upset the customers.

Well, after reading this I know exactly what to do. Give them all A's. A's for everyone! That's what an adunct is. We're grade dispensers. And now, with online courses, the institution doesn't even need live bodies to dispense grades. Why not cut to the chase? Give the kids a diploma the moment thier check's clear. Or, as is more often the case, the moment the federal funding is cashed in.

46. butteredtoastcat - December 18, 2010 at 10:03 am



And you don't have to read that tool Stanley Fish to understand where higher ed is headed.

The tenured and the administration will take care of themselves. When they retire, man of their positions will be retired as well.

47. 11126724 - December 21, 2010 at 10:32 pm

The problem is that faculty don't know how to be a union. We turn our unions into social clubs, run fot the benefit of a few union leaders who get all the perks and spend their time kissing up to administration, especially the negotiators. In Maine, faculty union negotiators are more interested in having a pleasant dinner conversation with administration negotiators than they are in negotiating for the rank and file. Consequence: no salary increase for two years in the current contract, with inflation running over 2%. Administrators don't treat them seriously, knowing they are only in it for themseves, not for the members, and have no balls.

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