U.S. Agency Backs Away From Penalties in Controversial Study Involving Infants

Federal research-ethics regulators have retreated from their consideration of punitive action over a medical trial at 23 universities in which premature babies faced potentially lethal oxygen levels, saying government rules may have been unclear.

The federal Office for Human Research Protections, in a letter to the University of Alabama at Birmingham, the lead institution in the "Support" study, cited a series of problems with the research project, including the failure to properly