Taking BS Seriously

Taking BS Seriously 1

Illustrations by Serge Bloch

In 1986, Harry Frankfurt wrote his essay "On Bullshit," which developed into a book in 2005 (Princeton University Press). While philosophers have considered the work seriously, political scientists generally have not. But they should, because BS is an integral part of political rhetoric.

While lying is a misrepresentation of the truth, Frankfurt argues, BS is an indifference to truth and a misrepresentation of the self—and worse than lying. The essay