News Analysis: U.S. Librarians, Authors, and Publishers Weigh the Chilling Effects of 'Libel Tourism'

When the College Art Association decided recently to settle rather than fight a possible libel action in Britain over a book review published in one of its journals, it did more than sidestep a costly and probably doomed legal battle. It opened itself up to sharp accusations that it had failed to stand up for freedom of expression.

The episode is a reminder of how wide a gulf separates the United States—where First Amendment protections and jurisprudence make libel very