Newly Discovered Draft of Marcuse Book Reveals Turn Toward Pessimism

Newly Discovered Early Draft of Marcuse Book Reveals a Change of Heart 1

AP Photo/Kurt Strumpf

Herbert Marcuse was more optimistic about prospects for society in an early draft of his key book than he was in the published version.

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AP Photo/Kurt Strumpf

Herbert Marcuse was more optimistic about prospects for society in an early draft of his key book than he was in the published version.

Herbert Marcuse was one of the most famous philosophers of the 1960s, a counter­culture guru to students who spray-painted his words across the United States and Europe. Now, amid a revival of interest in the German-born theorist, a newly discovered document may change how scholars see his best-known book.

This year, in a box marked "miscellaneous manuscripts," a librarian at Brandeis University discovered a long-forgotten early draft of Marcuse's 1964 classic,