Mark Poster, emeritus professor of history and film and media studies at the University of California at Irvine, died on October 10. He was 71. An expert on French critical thought, especially that of Michel Foucault, he was also a leading figure in the development of the study of media and technology.
Keith Campbell, a biologist at the University of Nottingham who was involved in the first successful animal cloning, died on October 5. He was 58. Mr. Campbell's experiments helped create Dolly, a cloned sheep, in 1996.
J. Philippe Rushton, a professor of psychology at the University of Western Ontario who gained notoriety in the 1980s by arguing that men's intelligence was inversely correlated with the size of their genitalia, died in Ontario, Canada, on October 2. He was 68. Though he was best known for his controversial views on racial differences (he ranked Asians ahead of whites and whites ahead of blacks in brain size, intelligence, and mental stability), he also studied altruism.