Frank L. Christ, a major contributor to the modern learning-assistance movement, died in Arizona on December 11. He was 89. In 1972, he founded a Learning Assistance Support System at California State University at Long Beach, which served as a model for other such programs around the country. He was coordinator of the program until 1990. He was also a founder and past president of the College Reading & Learning Association. In his later years, he did consulting, worked on online-course development, and was an author of the book 100 Things Every Online Student Ought to Know.
Shaun Jackson, a professor of art and design at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor who held more than 50 patents, died in Florida on January 15 of injuries suffered in the crash of a single-engine airplane in which he was a passenger. He was 63.
Susan Nolen-Hoeksema, chair of the psychology department at Yale University and a professor of psychology there, died following heart surgery on January 2. She was 53. She directed Yale's depression-and-cognition program and studied how rumination affects mood.