Major R. Owens, an advocate for education in Congress, died in New York City on October 21. He was 77. A Democrat, he represented part of Brooklyn in the House of Representatives from 1983 to 2007. He wrote parts of a higher-education bill in 1985 to channel $100-million in federal funds directly to historically black colleges and universities, to be used to improve programs and infrastructure. From 2008 until the end of his life, he taught in the department of public administration at the City University of New York's Medgar Evers College. The college cites him as one of its founders.
Samuel Reid Spencer Jr., a history professor who was a college president for more than a quarter-century, died in North Carolina on October 16. He was 94. He led Mary Baldwin College, in Virginia, from 1957 to 1968, and Davidson College, in North Carolina, from 1968 to 1983. One of his daughters, Clayton Spencer, is president of Bates College.
Lawrence R. Klein, an influential economist who taught at the University of Pennsylvania from 1958 to 1991, died in Pennsylvania on October 20. He was 93. In 1980 he was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science for creating models that could be used to forecast the development of business fluctuations and to study the effects of economic and political policies. One of those models that has been widely used is the Wharton Econometric Forecasting Model.