A new report from the Education Trust suggests fixing some of the problems of higher education by focusing on the institutions doing the worst jobs of providing access to lower-income students, graduating students, and sending them out into the world with degrees that will pay off for them. The group determined that the following colleges fall into the bottom 5 percent on the standards according to recent data. Under the proposal, if these colleges failed to rise out of the bottom 5 percent during a multiyear grace period, they would lose access to federal funding. The information in these tables was provided by the Education Trust. (See a related article.)

 

Colleges in the Bottom 5% for Failing to Enroll at Least 17% Pell Freshmen in 2011

Name State Sector Median SAT/ACT of Enrolled Students (2011) ID Year % Pell (2011) Y1 Status % Pell (2012)
Auburn University AL Public 1225 14% 13%
California Institute of Technology CA Nonprofit 1525 9% 11%
California Polytechnic State University CA Public 1205 14% 14%
Claremont McKenna College CA Nonprofit 1390 15% 10%
Harvey Mudd College CA Nonprofit 1485 12% 13%
Pitzer College CA Nonprofit 1270 14% 10%
Pomona College CA Nonprofit 1470 15% 16%
University of San Diego CA Nonprofit 1210 16% 15%
Santa Clara University CA Nonprofit 1230 16% 13%
Scripps College CA Nonprofit 1360 15% 11%
Stanford University CA Nonprofit 1455 16% 16%
West Coast University-Los Angeles CA For-Profit N/A 15% 45%
University of Colorado Boulder CO Public 1165 16% 17%
Colorado College CO Nonprofit 1315 12% 10%
Colorado Heights University CO Nonprofit N/A 4% N/A
Connecticut College CT Nonprofit N/A 13% 16%
Quinnipiac University CT Nonprofit 1090 16% 14%
Trinity College CT Nonprofit 1285 13% 10%
Wesleyan University CT Nonprofit 1395 16% 21%
Yale University CT Nonprofit 1490 13% 12%
American University DC Nonprofit 1280 15% 24%
Catholic University of America DC Nonprofit 1110 12% 12%
George Washington University DC Nonprofit 1290 13% 12%
Georgetown University DC Nonprofit 1400 14% 16%
University of Delaware DE Public 1185 13% 12%
Beacon College FL Nonprofit N/A 10% 24%
Embry Riddle Aeronautical University-Worldwide FL Nonprofit N/A 13% 28%
University of Chicago IL Nonprofit 1480 15% 11%
Northwestern University IL Nonprofit 1445 15% 14%
University of Notre Dame IN Nonprofit 1450 12% 12%
Centre College KY Nonprofit 1280 16% 17%
Tulane University of Louisiana LA Nonprofit 1315 13% 11%
Bentley University MA Nonprofit 1210 16% 14%
Boston College MA Nonprofit 1340 16% 12%
Emerson College MA Nonprofit 1240 14% 19%
Northeastern University MA Nonprofit 1310 13% 13%
Stonehill College MA Nonprofit N/A 14% 12%
Tufts University MA Nonprofit 1425 10% 11%
Worcester Polytechnic Institute MA Nonprofit N/A 15% 15%
Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering MA Nonprofit 1455 14% 10%
Johns Hopkins University MD Nonprofit 1395 12% 13%
Loyola University-Baltimore MD Nonprofit 1198 14% 14%
University of Maryland-College Park MD Public 1290 15% 15%
Ner Israel Rabbinical College MD Nonprofit N/A 15% 22%
St Mary's College of Maryland MD Public 1235 14% 19%
Bates College ME Nonprofit N/A 13% 12%
Colby College ME Nonprofit 1335 10% 11%
University of Michigan-Ann Arbor MI Public 1300 15% 16%
Carleton College MN Nonprofit 1400 13% 14%
Washington University in St Louis MO Nonprofit 1470 6% 6%
Davidson College NC Nonprofit 1345 13% 12%
Duke University NC Nonprofit 1435 13% 14%
Elon University NC Nonprofit 1215 10% 11%
High Point University NC Nonprofit 1075 12% 14%
Wake Forest University NC Nonprofit N/A 14% 14%
Dartmouth College NH Nonprofit 1450 13% 13%
Princeton University NJ Nonprofit 1490 11% 12%
Colgate University NY Nonprofit 1365 11% 11%
Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art NY Nonprofit 1365 13% 19%
Cornell University NY Nonprofit 1400 15% 17%
Jewish Theological Seminary of America NY Nonprofit 1350 0% 0%
The Juilliard School NY Nonprofit N/A 11% 25%
Marist College NY Nonprofit 1160 15% 15%
Rabbinical Seminary of America NY Nonprofit N/A 11% 18%
Torah Temimah Talmudical Seminary NY Nonprofit N/A 16% 18%
Kenyon College OH Nonprofit 1340 10% 7%
Oberlin College OH Nonprofit 1365 10% 9%
Bucknell University PA Nonprofit 1300 11% 9%
Carnegie Mellon University PA Nonprofit 1400 13% 15%
Dickinson College PA Nonprofit 1284 12% 10%
Franklin and Marshall College PA Nonprofit N/A 13% 17%
Gettysburg College PA Nonprofit 1300 13% 12%
Haverford College PA Nonprofit 1395 16% 14%
Lafayette College PA Nonprofit 1275 8% 13%
Lehigh University PA Nonprofit 1305 16% 14%
Muhlenberg College PA Nonprofit 1240 8% 9%
Pennsylvania State University-Main PA Public 1195 16% 15%
University of Pennsylvania PA Nonprofit 1440 16% 17%
University of Pittsburgh-Pittsburgh PA Public 1260 16% 16%
Saint Joseph's University PA Nonprofit 1120 12% 10%
Swarthmore College PA Nonprofit 1435 14% 17%
Villanova University PA Nonprofit 1300 11% 13%
Bryant University RI Nonprofit 1140 14% 17%
Providence College RI Nonprofit 1160 16% 16%
Roger Williams University RI Nonprofit 1075 14% 14%
Furman University SC Nonprofit 1275 16% 12%
Rhodes College TN Nonprofit 1260 16% 19%
Sewanee-The University of the South TN Nonprofit 1260 16% 19%
Vanderbilt University TN Nonprofit 1430 13% 14%
Rice University TX Nonprofit 1440 16% 17%
Southern Methodist University TX Nonprofit 1245 15% 15%
Texas Christian University TX Nonprofit 1165 14% 11%
Brigham Young University-Provo UT Nonprofit 1260 16% 18%
College of William and Mary VA Public 1350 10% 9%
Christopher Newport University VA Public 1200 16% 18%
James Madison University VA Public 1145 14% 14%
University of Richmond VA Nonprofit 1280 14% 15%
Strayer University-Virginia VA For-Profit N/A 16% 8%
Virginia Tech VA Public 1220 15% 15%
University of Virginia VA Public 1335 13% 12%
Virginia Military Institute VA Public 1135 16% 16%
Washington and Lee University VA Nonprofit 1385 11% 11%
Middlebury College VT Nonprofit 1385 10% 10%
Gonzaga University WA Nonprofit 1185 16% 19%
Whitman College WA Nonprofit 1325 14% 10%
Bellin College WI Nonprofit 1125 0% N/A
University of Wisconsin-Madison WI Public 1260 15% 16%

 

Notes: Colleges must have at least 30 full-time freshmen in the 2010-11 academic year to be identified as falling in the bottom 5 percent of Pell freshman-enrollment rates. Y1 status shows how those institutions are performing one year later but should be interpreted with caution: To allow for natural data fluctuations, the proposal stipulates that colleges will be considered successful only if their three-year weighted average, after the identification year, surpasses the 17-percent Pell benchmark. Colleges marked "N/A" had a cohort size less than 30 full-time freshmen in the subsequent year. Their Pell rates, however, would still be used in calculating a three-year weighted average to determine whether they surpassed the 17-percent Pell benchmark after three years.

Sources: 2011 and 2012 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System Pell data

 

Colleges in the Bottom 5% for Failing to Graduate at Least 15% of All Freshmen in 2011

Name State Sector ID Year Overall Grad Rate (2011) Y1 Status Overall Grad Rate (2012)
Concordia College-Selma AL Nonprofit 3.4% 5.5%
ITT Technical Institute-Bessemer AL For-Profit 9.3% 14%
Arkansas Baptist College AR Nonprofit 4.2% 4.8%
University of Phoenix-Little Rock AR For-Profit 9.7% 15.3%
University of Phoenix-Northwest Arkansas AR For-Profit 7.9% 20.3%
Western International University AZ For-Profit 2.4% 2.6%
University of Phoenix-Online AZ For-Profit 6.2% 4.3%
Yeshiva Ohr Elchonon Chabad West Coast CA Nonprofit 14.6% 36.4%
University of Phoenix-San Diego CA For-Profit 12.4% 14.4%
University of Phoenix-Sacramento Valley CA For-Profit 10.7% 16.2%
Colorado Technical University-Colorado CO For-Profit 8.5% 19%
Colorado Technical University-Greenwood CO For-Profit 7% N/A
Colorado Technical University-Online CO For-Profit 9.4% 9.5%
University of the District of Columbia DC Public 8% 15.8%
Carlos Albizu University-Miami FL Nonprofit 8.8% N/A
Hodges University FL Nonprofit 12.5% N/A
University of Phoenix-North Florida FL For-Profit 14.8% 18.8%
Thomas University GA Nonprofit 7.5% 14.3%
Truett-McConnell College GA Nonprofit 13.6% 9.4%
University of Phoenix-Atlanta GA For-Profit 14.1% 13.5%
University of Phoenix-Columbus Georgia GA For-Profit 10.1% 15.6%
University of Phoenix-Hawaii HI For-Profit 13.3% 26.7%
University of Phoenix-Des Moines IA For-Profit 10% N/A
University of Phoenix-Idaho ID For-Profit 9.1% 8.8%
East-West University IL Nonprofit 7.7% 8.7%
Hebrew Theological College IL Nonprofit 5.7% 8.8%
Holy Cross College IN Nonprofit 12.7% 19.9%
ITT Technical Institute-Fort Wayne IN For-Profit 9.1% N/A
ITT Technical Institute-Indianapolis IN For-Profit 8.3% 10.5%
University of Phoenix-Indianapolis IN For-Profit 5.3% 14.1%
University of Phoenix-Wichita KS For-Profit 12.8% 1.5%
ITT Technical Institute-Louisville KY For-Profit 14.7% 18.2%
University of Phoenix-Louisville KY For-Profit 4.9% N/A
Louisiana State University-Alexandria LA Public 12.1% 13.5%
University of Phoenix-Louisiana LA For-Profit 13.6% 17.9%
Boston Architectural College MA Nonprofit 9.1% 6.8%
Coppin State University MD Public 14.7% 17%
University of Maryland-University College MD Public 10.3% 4.3%
Baker College of Owosso MI Nonprofit 13% 11.1%
University of Phoenix-Metro Detroit MI For-Profit 11.4% 10.5%
University of Phoenix-West Michigan MI For-Profit 7.1% 14.4%
University of Phoenix-Minneapolis/St Paul MN For-Profit 6.8% 12.9%
ITT Technical Institute-Earth City MO For-Profit 10.7% 11.1%
Harris-Stowe State University MO Public 8.5% 8.2%
University of Phoenix-St Louis MO For-Profit 7.6% 10.2%
University of Phoenix-Kansas City MO For-Profit 12.9% 13.3%
University of Phoenix-Springfield MO For-Profit 10.9% 9.7%
University of Phoenix-Charlotte NC For-Profit 9.9% 16.3%
University of Phoenix-Raleigh NC For-Profit 6.8% 12.1%
Turtle Mountain Community College ND Nonprofit 0.7% N/A
Rabbinical College of America NJ Nonprofit 12.1% N/A
Yeshiva Toras Chaim NJ Nonprofit 2.9% 2.2%
Western New Mexico University NM Public 12.5% 16.2%
Great Basin College NV Public 7.7% 14.3%
ITT Technical Institute-Henderson NV For-Profit 11.9% N/A
International Academy of Design and Technology-Henderson NV For-Profit 11.9% 36.4%
Mirrer Yeshiva Cent Institute NY Nonprofit 6.1% 15.4%
Rabbinical College of Long Island NY Nonprofit 3% 2.6%
Talmudical Seminary Oholei Torah NY Nonprofit 2.2% 3.5%
Torah Temimah Talmudical Seminary NY Nonprofit 5% 2.6%
Yeshivat Mikdash Melech NY Nonprofit 2.7% N/A
Yeshiva of the Telshe Alumni NY Nonprofit 2.6% N/A
DeVry College of New York NY For-Profit 14.4% 24.5%
Chancellor University OH For-Profit 4.8% 4.6%
University of Phoenix-Cincinnati OH For-Profit 8.8% 3.2%
Bacone College OK Nonprofit 4.2% 9.5%
Oklahoma State University Institute of Technology-Okmulgee OK Public 1.1% missing
University of Phoenix-Oklahoma City OK For-Profit 13.9% 11.9%
University of Phoenix-Tulsa OK For-Profit 13.4% 13.8%
University of Phoenix-Philadelphia PA For-Profit 10.7% 9%
University of Phoenix-Pittsburgh PA For-Profit 5.9% N/A
Harrisburg University of Science and Technology PA Nonprofit 9.1% N/A
National University College-Bayamon PR For-Profit 9.3% 5.5%
National University College-Arecibo PR For-Profit 14.3% 12.2%
University of Puerto Rico-Utuado PR Public 12.1% 20.8%
Universidad Del Este PR Nonprofit 12.5% 22.5%
EDP College of Puerto Rico Inc-San Juan PR Nonprofit 10.9% 25%
Caribbean University-Vega Baja PR Nonprofit 12.8% 29.4%
Oglala Lakota College SD Public 4.5% 1.3%
Sinte Gleska University SD Nonprofit 4.7% N/A
ITT Technical Institute-Nashville TN For-Profit 13.8% 12.5%
Le Moyne-Owen College TN Nonprofit 14.9% 8.1%
Victory University TN For-Profit 10.3% 13.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Knoxville TN For-Profit 11.8% 9.5%
ITT Technical Institute-Cordova TN For-Profit 13.8% 16.7%
University of Phoenix-Nashville TN For-Profit 14.1% 9.6%
University of Houston-Downtown TX Public 14.7% 11.9%
Jarvis Christian College TX Nonprofit 14.3% 13.3%
Paul Quinn College TX Nonprofit 5.4% 0.6%
Texas College TX Nonprofit 6.4% 17.1%
Texas Southern University TX Public 11.8% 12%
University of Phoenix-Dallas TX For-Profit 7.1% 15.7%
Baptist University of the Americas TX Nonprofit 10.3% N/A
American InterContinental University-Houston TX For-Profit 13.8% 24.4%
University of Phoenix-Austin TX For-Profit 12.2% 12.5%
Stevens-Henager College of Business-Provo UT For-Profit 4.9% 41.5%
ITT Technical Institute-Norfolk VA For-Profit 10% 2%
University of Phoenix-Northern Virginia VA For-Profit 8.5% N/A
University of Phoenix-Richmond VA For-Profit 3.4% 3.9%
Heritage University WA Nonprofit 12.3% 16%
University of Phoenix-Western Washington WA For-Profit 14.5% 14.7%
ITT Technical Institute-Greenfield WI For-Profit 14.3% 5.4%
University of Phoenix-Milwaukee WI For-Profit 9.6% 6.8%
Mountain State University WV Nonprofit 11.6% missing
Salem International University WV For-Profit 13.6% 11.3%

Notes: Colleges must have had at least 30 full-time freshmen in the 2010-11 academic year to be identified as falling in the bottom 5 percent of graduation rates. Y1 status shows how those institutions were performing one year later but should be interpreted with caution: To allow for natural data fluctuations, the proposal stipulates that colleges will be considered successful only if their four-year weighted average, after the identification year, surpasses the 15-percent graduation-rate benchmark. Colleges marked "N/A" had a cohort size less than 30 full-time freshmen in the subsequent year. Their graduation rates, however, would still be used in calculating a four-year weighted average to determine whether they surpassed the 15-percent graduation-rate benchmark after four years.

Sources: 2011 and 2012 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System graduation-rate data

 

Colleges Falling in the Bottom 5% for Having More Than 28% of Students Default on Student Loans

Name State Sector 3-Year Cohort Default Rates (FY2010)
Concordia College-Selma AL Nonprofit 33.0%
Talladega College AL Nonprofit 36.7%
ITT Technical Institute-Bessemer AL For-Profit 29.2%
Virginia College-Birmingham AL For-Profit 28.2%
Virginia College-Huntsville AL For-Profit 28.2%
Arkansas Baptist College AR Nonprofit 33.6%
University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff AR Public 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Little Rock AR For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Tucson AZ For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Tempe AZ For-Profit 29.2%
Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts AZ For-Profit 28.5%
ITT Technical Institute-Rancho Cordova CA For-Profit 29.2%
California College-San Diego CA For-Profit 29.3%
ITT Technical Institute-San Diego CA For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-San Dimas CA For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Orange CA For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Sylmar CA For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Torrance CA For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-San Bernardino CA For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Oxnard CA For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Lathrop CA For-Profit 29.2%
College America-Denver CO For-Profit 35.1%
ITT Technical Institute-Thornton CO For-Profit 29.2%
College America-Colorado Springs CO For-Profit 35.1%
College America-Fort Collins CO For-Profit 35.1%
Potomac College-Washington DC For-Profit 32.8%
ITT Technical Institute-Tampa FL For-Profit 29.2%
Lincoln College of Technology-West Palm FL For-Profit 31.3%
ITT Technical Institute-Lake Mary FL For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Jacksonville FL For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Fort Lauderdale FL For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Miami FL For-Profit 29.2%
Bauder College GA For-Profit 29.0%
ITT Technical Institute-Duluth GA For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Kennesaw GA For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Boise ID For-Profit 29.2%
East-West University IL Nonprofit 30.5%
ITT Technical Institute-Mount Prospect IL For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Orland Park IL For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Fort Wayne IN For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Indianapolis IN For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Newburgh IN For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Louisville KY For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Saint Rose LA For-Profit 29.2%
Pine Manor College MA Nonprofit 31.5%
ITT Technical Institute-Eden Prairie MN For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Earth City MO For-Profit 29.2%
Missouri Tech MO For-Profit 39.1%
ITT Technical Institute-Arnold MO For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Kansas City MO For-Profit 29.2%
Rust College MS Nonprofit 32.0%
South College-Asheville NC For-Profit 31.7%
Heritage Bible College NC Nonprofit 29.4%
Livingstone College NC Nonprofit 32.4%
Saint Augustines College NC Nonprofit 30.6%
ITT Technical Institute-Omaha NE For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Albuquerque NM For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Henderson NV For-Profit 29.2%
Globe Institute of Technology NY For-Profit 35.9%
Bryant and Stratton College-Parma OH For-Profit 30.3%
Central State University OH Public 31.2%
Bryant & Stratton College-Cleveland OH For-Profit 30.3%
Bryant and Stratton College-Eastlake OH For-Profit 30.3%
Bacone College OK Nonprofit 32.0%
Langston University OK Public 32.5%
Oklahoma State University Institute of Technology-Okmulgee OK Public 30.5%
ITT Technical Institute-Portland OR For-Profit 29.2%
Cheyney University of Pennsylvania PA Public 28.2%
American University of Puerto Rico PR Nonprofit 31.2%
American University of Puerto Rico PR Nonprofit 31.2%
Caribbean University-Bayamon PR Nonprofit 29.9%
Caribbean University-Carolina PR Nonprofit 29.9%
Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Arecibo PR Nonprofit 28.6%
Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce PR Nonprofit 28.6%
Inter American University of Puerto Rico-San German PR Nonprofit 28.9%
Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Aguadilla PR Nonprofit 28.9%
Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Arecibo PR Nonprofit 28.9%
Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Barranquitas PR Nonprofit 28.9%
Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Metro PR Nonprofit 28.9%
Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Ponce PR Nonprofit 28.9%
Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Fajardo PR Nonprofit 28.9%
Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Guayama PR Nonprofit 28.9%
Inter American University of Puerto Rico-Bayamon PR Nonprofit 28.9%
Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez PR Nonprofit 28.6%
Caribbean University-Ponce PR Nonprofit 29.9%
Caribbean University-Vega Baja PR Nonprofit 29.9%
Allen University SC Nonprofit 35.3%
Benedict College SC Nonprofit 32.9%
Morris College SC Nonprofit 28.8%
ITT Technical Institute-Greenville SC For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Nashville TN For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Knoxville TN For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Cordova TN For-Profit 29.2%
Jarvis Christian College TX Nonprofit 50.6%
Southwestern Christian College TX Nonprofit 32.7%
Texas College TX Nonprofit 34.6%
ITT Technical Institute-Murray UT For-Profit 29.2%
Stevens-Henager College-Ogden UT For-Profit 34.1%
Stevens-Henager College of Business-Provo UT For-Profit 34.1%
Stevens-Henager College-Murray UT For-Profit 34.1%
Stevens-Henager College-Logan UT For-Profit 34.1%
Bryant and Stratton College-Virginia Beach VA For-Profit 30.3%
Bryant and Stratton College-Richmond VA For-Profit 30.3%
Centura College-Virginia Beach VA For-Profit 32.0%
Sanford-Brown College-Vienna VA For-Profit 31.6%
ITT Technical Institute-Norfolk VA For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Richmond VA For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Springfield VA For-Profit 29.2%
ITT Technical Institute-Chantilly VA For-Profit 29.2%
Potomac College-Herndon VA For-Profit 32.8%
ITT Technical Institute-Greenfield WI For-Profit 29.2%
Bryant and Stratton College-Milwaukee WI For-Profit 30.3%
ITT Technical Institute-Green Bay WI For-Profit 29.2%
Bryant and Stratton College-Wauwatosa WI For-Profit 30.3%

Note: Colleges must have at least 30 students in the 2010 cohort entering repayment to be considered falling in the bottom 5 percent of cohort default rates.

Source: FY2010 default data from Federal Student Aid, U.S. Department of Education