Climate and Civilization: Is Anyone Charting Our Course?

Seven weeks after Easter in AD 1315, sheets of rain spread across a sodden Europe, turning freshly plowed fields into lakes and quagmires. The deluge continued through June and July, and then August and September. Hay lay flat in the fields; wheat and barley rotted unharvested. The anonymous author of the Chronicle of Malmesbury wondered if divine vengeance had come upon the land: "Therefore is the anger of the Lord kindled against his people, and he hath stretched out his hand against them,