At Marshall U., President's Raid on Department Funds Sparked Ire, Then a New Approach

Marshall University faculty and staff members were surprised last week by an e-mail from Stephen J. Kopp, the university's president, informing them that he had significantly reduced the balances in departmental bank accounts and transferred the money to a university holding account.

In the e-mail message, sent on April 9, Mr. Kopp said he had decided to put an immediate freeze on the hiring of noncritical personnel and to "sweep" the departmental accounts, leaving either $5,000 or