Analysis: The Legacy of a Test-Prep Entrepreneur

Stanley Kaplan Teaching

Courtesy of Kaplan Inc.

Stanley H. Kaplan's tutoring business was born in his Brooklyn basement, but it has since grown into a college-preparation empire.

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close Stanley Kaplan Teaching

Courtesy of Kaplan Inc.

Stanley H. Kaplan's tutoring business was born in his Brooklyn basement, but it has since grown into a college-preparation empire.

Stanley H. Kaplan has not been a major player on the higher-education scene for the past 15 years. Still, his death this week at the age of 90 is a reminder of the roles his little tutoring business turned test-preparation empire played in shaping two trends that continue to transform academe.

One of those, the democratization of college admissions, was purposeful. The Brooklyn-bred Mr. Kaplan believed he had been denied admission to medical school because he was Jewish. He saw his