A Hothouse for Female Scientists

Small colleges, big results

Research universities have top-of-the-line laboratories, the most-accomplished researchers, and giant federal grants. But they don't hold a monopoly on preparing future scientists.

In fact, some of the nation's small liberal-arts colleges send on more women, proportionally, for Ph.D.'s in the sciences than do elite research universities. Higher-education leaders have been trying for years to get more women interested in careers in mathematics and