• July 25, 2014

32 Colleges Are Named Most Friendly to Junior Faculty

Recruiting junior faculty members can come at a hefty price for already cash-strapped colleges—especially if unsatisfied recruits become alienated employees, or decide to cut and run.

But 32 colleges and universities have been successful at making junior faculty feel welcome on campus, and their approaches were highlighted Monday in a new report from the Collaborative on Academic Careers in Higher Education, a 160-member consortium based at Harvard's Graduate School of Education. The last such report was issued in 2007.

Beginning tenure-track faculty "are the future of the academy, yet they are the most at-risk population," said Kiernan Mathews, the collaborative's director. "They're not always treated with the care and developmental attitude that they deserve." Brown University, for instance, had junior faculty who were displeased with the institution's programs for families with young children, and it has used information from these reports to improve day-care services.

The report draws from a survey of 15,000 junior faculty at 127 of the collaborative's member colleges nationwide, on work-life criteria like tenure practices, clarity of expectations for tenure, and work and home balance. The 32 outstanding institutions scored at the top of three peer groups—undergraduate, master's, and doctoral/research institutions—in at least one of eight work-life categories.

This year, the University of Iowa was rated "exceptional" in five categories. Brown and Duke Universities and the City University of New York's Herbert H. Lehman and Queens Colleges were each ranked exceptional in four categories. (The complete list appears at below.)

How to Make Faculty Happy

Rather than just listing the best places to work, the report is meant to highlight best practices and let struggling institutions know about other colleges they can turn to for advice. Detailed cross-institutional data can help administrators adjust faculty programs to make newer recruits feel a bit more comfortable, Mr. Mathews said.

At Brown, survey data a few years ago revealed that junior faculty thought the university did not offer sufficient support for professors with children, said Elizabeth Doherty, senior associate dean of the faculty. In response, the administration made an effort to ramp up and publicize child-care services. Brown also started a mentorship program in its physical-science and mathematics departments after data revealed that faculty there felt somewhat lost.

The latest surveys show those small adjustments have already made a big impact on junior-faculty members' perceptions of work-life at Brown. Ms. Doherty said the survey information had been especially useful in light of a continuing faculty expansion effort at Brown—which was, in part, why they agreed to join the collaborative. "When you change an institution rather rapidly, I think it's important to know whether you're doing a good job," she said.

Hendrix College—an Arkansas liberal-arts college that ranked as exemplary in two of the eight categories—also decided to join the collaborative after adding a number of new faculty members. "We felt that we needed to get some kind of read," said Robert L. Entzminger, Hendrix's provost and dean of the college. "We thought we could learn something from what Coache does."

Good Communication

According to Mr. Entzminger, nearly 40 percent of the Hendrix faculty was hired in the past six years. And while being named an exemplary institution means Hendrix has been receptive to new faculty members' needs, Mr. Entzminger said, its ranking also tells administrators that the college has been just as effective at communicating expectations about the its academic culture.

"At institutions like Hendrix where the relationships between faculty and students are so close, the ownership and investment in the institution is just very important," he said. "Our motives are to make sure that the kind of cultural values that our institution represents are communicated to new faculty."

There is another plus for the 32 model institutions: Easier recruiting. Robin Graboyes, director of faculty affairs at California State University at Fullerton, which was named as outstanding for its tenure practices and clarity of institutional expectations for tenure, said, "You want to attract the best and brightest scholars that you possibly can, and this helps us to become the employer of choice."

The collaborative now plans to expand its scope to include tenured professors. During the next year, it intends to survey 4,000 tenured faculty at seven research universities. If junior faculty are the future of academe, Mr. Mathews said, "tenured faculty are the gatekeepers of institutional culture."

The collaborative is also considering research into nontenured faculty. According to Mr. Mathews, 65 percent of American faculty members are not on the tenure track, and studying their job satisfaction could help researchers "expand our work and our success to address faculty of all stripes."

Here are the collaborative's 32 institutions:

Doctoral/research institutions:

Auburn University

Brown University

Dartmouth College

Duke University

Lehigh University

North Carolina State University

North Dakota State University

University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa

University of Chicago

University of Connecticut

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

University of Iowa

University of Kansas

University of Notre Dame

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Master's institutions:

 California State University at Fullerton

California State University at San Marcos

Herbert H. Lehman College of the City University of New York

James Madison University

Loyola University Maryland

Queens College of the City University of New York

Rowan University

Baccalaureate Institutions:

 Bowdoin College

Hendrix College

Kenyon College

Medgar Evers College of the City University of New York

Mount Holyoke College

Ohio Wesleyan University

St. Olaf College

Trinity College

Wellesley College

Wesleyan University

Comments

1. shariyat5 - November 15, 2010 at 02:18 pm

Why not also include 2 year colleges such as community colleges. Nearly 80 % of the faculty is adjunct and I would like to know how they are treated. I have some some horrendous politics concerning adjuncts in the last 13 years.

2. davidfalcone - November 15, 2010 at 02:31 pm

I am as interested in what-to-avoid in relating to new-faculty, that is, what made the lowest scoring schools the lowest scoring schools, as I am in what the highest scoring schools are doing. Does anyone know if the full report addresses thus?

3. thofner - November 15, 2010 at 02:34 pm

I second your comment, shariyat5. The numbers aren't just that high at community colleges either. I work at two 4-year distance learning programs (non-profit) where 84%-95% of the faculty are adjuncts. Why not include how adjuncts are treated in general in the report? Why not do a separate report on the best places to work for adjuncts? Are there any "most friendly" places for adjuncts to work? Just thought I'd ask...the majority of faculty in the U.S. would like to know.

4. geoz32 - November 15, 2010 at 04:09 pm

I wonder what the relationship is between how young faculty colleagues are treated and learning (by students). Does this good treatment help?

5. ianderso - November 15, 2010 at 04:40 pm

Fascinating list. I interviewed at Brown and got a very positive vibe from them.

But the cynical voyeur in me is even more curious about the least friendly institutions. I can honestly say that I believe I have worked for a solid candidate for the nastiest, most hostile institution in the country!

I also have to agree with shariyat5 and thofner: a list for adjuncts would be great.

6. sherwest - November 15, 2010 at 08:40 pm

I am a new tenure track hire at Kenyon and I am so gratified we made this list. The school is remarkable and I have been made to feel a part of the community from the day I arrived. There has been event after event to help new faculty with the adjustment process and everyone, including visting faculty and doctoral fellows, is invited and made welcome. I can't imagine a nicer place in the country to work.

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8. szivesen - November 17, 2010 at 07:43 am

It is not pleasant to note that too many highly educated people seem to forget basic fundamentals of civility, kindness and respect for others, and it is particularly galling when this includes abusing "the least" among us. Bullies aren't just in grade school and bullying attitudes prevail too often in higher ed. I'm happily in year two at Rowan University. I left another institution because the environment was not supportive -- coming here has been a breath of fresh air. The joys of teaching can be quickly dissipated if the work environment is negative. Rowan seems sensitive to this at multiple levels, and the Faculty Center, which exists to support and assist ALL faculty, is a treasure in providing a wealth of concrete information, links to others on campus, and a positive attitude that is a pleasure on sometimes hectic days. I never anticipated living in south Jersey, but I'm sure glad to be here.

9. kymac - November 17, 2010 at 09:08 pm

szivesen - I completely agree. I'm currently teaching 24 credits and serving on seven committees. I've just been told by the person in charge of granting my tenure that I need to be "more involved". I barely eat/sleep as it is. I just don't understand how this person thinks. The repeated spur-of-the-moment meetings I have to attend to discuss my "uninvolvement" with veiled threats to my getting tenure are periods of time I could spend developing my classes.....but nope....

10. asstprof - November 18, 2010 at 12:46 pm

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