25 Institutions Under NCAA Sanctions

A symbol (* ) indicates action taken since this list was last published in The Chronicle (June 10).

Violations: Improper recruiting by coaches in men's basketball; improper loans by coaches to men's tennis players; unethical conduct by an assistant basketball coach and a former men's tennis coach.

Penalties: In basketball, NCAA barred the team from postseason play in 1991-92, restricted coaches' recruiting efforts in 1992, and cut expense-paid visits in basketball to 7