Two scientists with the National Institute of Mental Health will receive the 2012 University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Psychology for their research on how the brain works, the university has announced.
The researchers, Leslie Ungerleider and Mortimer Mishkin, were the first to show that the brain uses separate visual-processing systems to recognize objects and fix their location, a concept described in the award announcement as the "what and where" pathways idea.
"Few ideas have been so influential on the field of psychology and neuroscience," said Heywood M. Petry, the Louisville professor of psychological and brain sciences who directs the psychology award committee.
The Grawemeyer awards were created in 1984 by H. Charles Grawemeyer, a University of Louisville alumnus, and are given in five categories. Winners of the awards for music composition and for ideas improving world order were announced earlier this week. Still to be announced are awards in education and religion.
The University of Louisville presents the awards. The award in religion is presented jointly with the Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary. More information about the awards is available on the foundation's Web site.