ENVIRONMENT

We Welcome You to our Friendly Island Paradise!

Taiwan is a modern, free, democratic society whose people are hardworking, fun-loving, educated and friendly. While eagerly embracing the future, the people of Taiwan hold onto traditional values and ideals. The family, including ancestors, is of utmost importance; education and scholarship are held in high esteem. Traditional forms of writing, architecture and art are part of everyday life. Yes, in Taiwan the ancient and modern, traditional and new are seamlessly woven together, creating a fascinating, dynamic society like no other in the world.

Geography
Taiwan lies along the western edge of the Pacific Ocean, 193 km (120 miles) off the southeastern coast of mainland China. Taiwan has a land area of about 36,000 square km (14,400 square miles) and is nearly bisected by the Tropic of Cancer. The island is shaped somewhat like a sweet potato. Taiwan has broad plains, rolling hills, and precipitous mountains that form the spine of the island. There are six peaks over 3,500m — the highest is Yu Shan at 3,952m - and more than 200 peaks over 3,000m. Swift rivers have carved steep gorges through the mountains. Taroko Gorge, with vertical rock walls hundreds of meters high, is a wonder of nature. Geothermal activity has produced many hot springs in mountains.

Due to the abundant rainfall and generally warm temperatures, vegetation grows rampantly in Taiwan, from lowland agricultural crops to all manner of plant life cloaking the hills and mountains. Due to its unique climate and geography, the flora and fauna of Taiwan are tremendously diverse, and many species are endemic to the island.

Climate
In subtropical, northern Taiwan, the temperature during the cool, mild winters averages 18˚C / 64˚F. The average temperature rises to 31˚C / 88˚F during the hot, humid summers. Southern Taiwan has a tropical, marine climate with generally warm and relatively dry weather. In the mountains, temperate conditions prevail. Snow may accumulate on some of the highest peaks, such as Yu Shan and Ho-Huan Shan. Rain may fall at any time, but the greatest amount usually falls from April to August. Typhoon season is from May to September.