Turkey stands at the crossroads of East and West, at what was once the center of the Ottoman Empire.
Turkey stands at the crossroads of East and West, at what was once the center of the Ottoman Empire. Surrounded by seas on three sides, it has long been important to international trade. It became a secular republic in the 1920s while under authoritarian rule, and over the succeeding years has become more democratic; still, the military regularly ousts governments it considers too rooted in Islamic traditions. Recently the country has experienced strong economic growth. It also improved its record in the realms of human rights, women’s rights, and minority rights in advance of accession talks in 2005 with the European Union.
Turkey's southern coast enjoys a Mediterranean climate, and the Aegean coastal climate as far north as Izmir is much the same. The mean temperature range in these regions is 17–20°C (63–68°F), and the annual rainfall ranges from 58 to 130 cm (23 to 51 in). The Black Sea coast is relatively mild (14 to 16°C/57 to 60°F) and very moist, with 71 to 249 cm (28 to 87 in) of rainfall. The central Anatolian plateau is noted for its hot, dry summers and cold winters: the average annual temperature is 8–12°C (46–54°F), and annual precipitation is 30–75 cm (12–30 in). With the exception of some warmer pockets in the valleys, the eastern third of Turkey is colder (4–9° C/39–48°F), and rainfall averages 41–51 cm (16–20 in). The little precipitation there is on the central plateau tends to be concentrated during the late fall and winter months.
Overview of Higher Education
The more than 75 universities in Turkey are primarily public and largely autonomous. They offer all the internationally recognized degrees.
A bachelor’s degree (Lisans Diplomasi) typically requires four years of study; some subjects, such as medicine and architecture, take longer. A master’s degree (Yüsek Lisans Diplomasi) follows two years of additional study and may be awarded with or without completion of a thesis. A doctorate typically requires at least another four years of research.
In 2004 some 1.8 million students were enrolled in the country’s 1,248 institutions of higher education.
(Sources: BBC, Studyturkey)
Number of Colleges, Universities, Technical Institutes
Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (total): 89
Number of Higher Education Students
Number of students enrolled: 2,343,000
Number of international students enrolled: 19,079
Ministry of National Education
Milli Egitim Bakanligi, Ministry of National Education
Bakanliklar, Ankara, Turkey
Web site: http://www.meb.gov.tr/english/indexeng.htm
Phone: +90(312) 418 6417/425 5330
Contact: Dr Isa Esme, Board Member and Head of Council on Higher Education