The number of higher-education programs available to foreigners recently more than doubled.
Thailand is the only country in Southeast Asia never to have been colonized. Known as Siam until 1939, the country is a constitutional monarchy with a prime minister as the head of the government. The economy has grown dramatically since the 1980s, prompting Thais to move from rural areas into cities, with their booming services sector. The country is primarily Buddhist, but a separatist struggle with ethnic Malays and Muslims in the southern provinces has claimed thousands of lives.
Thailand has a tropical climate. For much of the country there are three distinct seasons: the hot season, from March through May; the rainy or wet monsoon, June to October; and the cool season, November through February. While continental Thailand receives most of its precipitation from June through October, rain occurs at all seasons in peninsular Thailand, the largest amount along the west coast from May to October, and along the east coast from October to January. For most of Thailand the temperature rarely falls below 13°C (55°F) or rises above 35°C (95°F), with most places averaging between 24°C and 30°C (75°F and 86°F). The annual rainfall ranges from 102 cm (40 in) in the northeast to over 380 cm (150 in) in the peninsula. Bangkok has an average annual temperature of 28°C (82°F); monthly mean temperatures range from a low of around 25°C (77°F) in December to a high of around 30°C (86°F) in May, and annual rainfall is about 150 cm (59 in).
Overview of Higher Education
Among the universities and colleges in Thailand, 78 are public and 61 are private. Lectures for international students are conducted primarily in English and sometimes in Chinese. Programs available to foreigners more than doubled, to 884, between 2002 and 2006.
The main undergraduate degree is the bachelor’s. Those who complete the initial four years of study may pursue a graduate master’s degree, which requires another two years of study. The doctorate requires at least three years of additional research.
In 2004 some 1.9 million students were enrolled in the country's institutions of higher education. In 2008 some 16,000 postsecondary students were foreigners.
(Sources: BBC, The Europa World of Learning, Thailand Ministry of Education, StudyinThailand.org)
Number of Colleges, Universities, Technical Institutes
Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (total): 133
Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (private/non-state): 63
Number of Higher Education Students
Number of students enrolled: 2,504,000
Number of international students enrolled: 4,092
Ministry of University Affairs
328 Thanon Si Ayutthaya, Khet Ratchathewi, Bangkok 10400
Web site: http://www.inter.mua.go.th/main/index.php
Phone: 246-0025 or 246-1106-14
Contact: Ms. Aporn Kanvong, Director