Taiwan highly emphasizes on the reforms and policy-making of the higher education to cultivate universities with strong international ties, recognition and a leading position.
Taiwan is a modern, free, democratic society whose people are hardworking, fun-loving, educated and friendly. While eagerly embracing the future, the people of Taiwan hold onto traditional values and ideals. The family, including ancestors, is of utmost importance; education and scholarship are held in high esteem. Traditional forms of writing, architecture and art are part of everyday life. Yes, in Taiwan the ancient and modern, traditional and new are seamlessly woven together, creating a fascinating, dynamic society like no other in the world.
Taiwan enjoys an oceanic, subtropical monsoon climate. The warm and humid summer lasts from May until September, the mild winter from December until February. The average lowland temperature in January is 16°C (61°F) in the north and 20°C (68°F) in the south; the average July temperature is 28°C (82°F) in both the north and south. The growing season lasts throughout the year, except at elevations above 1,200 m (4,000 ft), where frost and snow occasionally occur.
The average rainfall is 257 cm (101 in), ranging from 127 cm (50 in) at the middle of the western coast to 635 cm (250 in) and more on exposed mountain slopes. Southwest monsoon winds blow from May through September and northeast monsoon winds from October to March. Only the extreme southwest has a distinct dry season. As a result of the tropical cyclonic storms that sweep out of the western Pacific, typhoons occur between June and October.
23,061,689 (as of April 2011)
Overview of Higher Education
University undergraduate programs typically require four years of study. Students who are unable to complete their course of study within that time may be granted extensions of up to two years. Universities focus on academic studies and research, whereas technology-oriented universities focus on practical, specialized skills training. Programs such as dentistry or medicine generally require six to seven years, including an internship period of one year.
Graduate programs leading to a master’s or doctoral degree require one to four years and two to seven years respectively. Students who enter graduate school as a part of on-the-job training may be granted extensions if they do not finish the required courses or do not complete their thesis/dissertation on time.
The number of higher education institutes in Taiwan, including junior colleges, colleges and universities, has nearly doubled in the past decade. In 2010, there were 165 colleges and universities in Taiwan.
(Sources: Ministry of Education, Taiwan)
Number of Colleges, Universities, Technical Institutes
Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (total): 163
Number of Higher Education Students
Number of students enrolled (Year 2010): 1,343,603
Number of international students enrolled (Year 2010): 24,732