Singapore's universities offer bachelor’s degrees on either a pass level, which requires three years of study, or an honors level, which requires four years of study.
Once a former British trading colony, Singapore joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 before breaking off on its own to become one of the world's wealthiest countries. Its citizens, some 75 percent of whom are ethnic Chinese, are accustomed to a high standard of living buoyed by the country’s port and electronics and financial-services industries. Although multiple political parties are registered in the country, only one party has held sway since independence.
Singapore's climate is classified as equatorial (Koppen climate classification Af), with no true distinct seasons. Owing to its geographical location and maritime exposure, its climate is characterized by uniform temperature and pressure, high humidity and abundant rainfall. The average annual rainfall is around 2,370 mm (93.3 in). The highest 24-hour rainfall figures ever recorded in history was 512 mm (20.2 in) (1978), 467 mm (18.4 in) (1969) and 366 mm (14.4 in) (19 December 2006). The temperature hovers around a diurnal range of a minimum of 23 °C (73.4 °F) and a maximum of 31 °C (87.8 °F). June is the hottest month of the year in Singapore, followed by May. This is due to light winds and strong sunshine during those months. The highest recorded temperature is 36.0 °C (96.8 °F) on 26 March 1998. The lowest recorded temperature is 19.4 °C (66.9 °F) back in 1934.
Relative humidity has a diurnal range in the high 90s in the early morning to around 60% in the mid-afternoon, but does go below 50% at times. In May 2009, the average relative humidity was 83%, an increase over the figure of 79.1% in May 2008.During prolonged heavy rain, relative humidity often reaches 100%. Generally, there is much more rainfall on the western side of the island than on the eastern portion of Singapore, owing to a rain shadow effect. Thus, the eastern side of Singapore is much drier and slightly hotter than western Singapore. This can cause slight weather disparities from one side of the island to the other. This is significant to note because even a small hill such as Bukit Timah can cause this phenomenon. Despite Singapore's small size, there may be sunshine on one side while there is rain on the other.
Overview of Higher Education
Singapore has three public universities, although one of them, Singapore Management University, is managed privately. A fourth, Singapore University of Technology and Design, will matriculate its first students in 2011. The country also has five polytechnic institutes, some private universities, and branch campuses of foreign institutions.
The universities offer bachelor’s degrees on either a pass level, which requires three years of study, or an honors level, which requires four years. Similarly, postgraduate students may pursue either a diploma, which follows a one-year program of study, or a master’s degree, which follows a two-year program. Doctorates require an additional three years of study.
Some 60,000 students were enrolled in university-level programs in Singapore in 2005.
(Sources: BBC, The Europa World of Learning, Singapore Ministry of Education)
Number of Colleges, Universities, Technical Institutes
Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (total): 34
Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (private/non-state): 30
Number of Higher Education Students
Number of students enrolled: 184.000
Ministry of Education, Singapore
1 North Buona Vista Drive, Singapore 138675
Web site: http://www.moe.gov.sg/
Phone: +65 68722220
Contact: Ms. Tan Gee Keow, Director of Higher Education