Norway, despite declining to join the European Union, follows a system of bachelor’s and master’s degrees in accordance with the Bologna Process.
Norway has become exceptional in many ways since 1905, when it gained independence from Sweden. The northernmost county in Europe, it also is one of the richest. Its people enjoy one of the highest standards of living in the world, largely as a result of the discovery of oil and gas under adjacent sea floors in the 1960s, and the conscientious investment of the consequent revenues by the government. It has one of the world’s most generous welfare systems and provides foreign aid generously, too. Its policies are conscious of the environment, particularly its own coastline of mountains and fjords. Norway continues to resist membership in the European Union even as it plays an increasing role, disproportionate to its size, as a mediator in international conflicts. The works of its playwright Henrik Ibsen are staged the world over.
The climate of Norway is much more temperate than expected for such high latitudes; this is mainly due to the North Atlantic Current with its extension the Norwegian Current raising the air temperature, and the prevailing southwesterlies bringing the mild air on shore, as well as the general southwest - northeast orientation of the coast allowing the westerlies to penetrate into the Arctic. The January average in Brønnøysund  is almost 15 °C (27.0 °F) warmer than the January average in Nome, Alaska, even if both towns are situated on the west coast of the continents at 65°N. In July, the difference is reduced to 3 °C (37 °F). January average in Yakutsk, situated inland in Siberia but slightly further south, is 42 °C (75.6 °F) colder than in Brønnøysund.
Monthly Averages: Jan 50mm ; Apr 45mm ; July 80mm ; Oct 75mm
$276,300,000,000 (2008 est.)
Overview of Higher Education
There are seven universities in Norway, all run by the state. There also are six university-level specialized institutions, five of them state-run and one private. In addition, 24 public and two private colleges offer three-year bachelor’s degrees in subjects that include engineering, nursing, and social work.
About 90 percent of postsecondary students are enrolled in public institutions.
Since 2003 the country has followed a two-tier system of bachelor’s and master’s degrees, in accordance with the Bologna Process. A bachelor’s degree generally requires three years of study, while a master’s degree can require up to two years. A doctorate is awarded after an additional three to four years of study.
(Sources: BBC, Norway Ministry of Education and Research)
Number of Colleges, Universities, Technical Institutes
Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (total): 87
Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (private/non-state): 31
Number of Higher Education Students
Number of students enrolled: 215,000
Number of international students enrolled: 15,002
Royal Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research
Akersgata 44, P.box 8119 Dep, 0032 Oslo
Web site: http://www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/kd.html?id=586
Phone: +47 22 24 90 90
Contact: Tora Aasland , Minister of Research and Higher Education