Mexico is home to early advanced civilizations and renowned poets, painters, and musical genres.

Country Overview

Mexico was under Spanish rule for more than 300 years before it gained independence in 1821. Today it boasts the world’s richest man, and a surfeit of oil, at the same time many of its people are  crossing the 3,000-kilometer border with the United States in search of work. The economy depends heavily on money from migrant workers. Some parts of the country are interwoven with the drug trade; cartels have been using kidnapping and murder to undermine the government's efforts to crack down. Mexico is home to early advanced civilizations and renowned poets, painters, and musical genres. It is a country of extremes, and extreme beauty.


In general the climate of Mexico is tropical to temperate, varying according to altitude, winds and the Pacific Ocean currents. The Yucatan Peninsula and low-lying areas of the south enjoy a hot, humid tropical climate, while weather in the higher altitudes is temperate. Coastal areas receive rainfall, but most of the country is dry. The east and west coast of Mexico are at risk of hurricanes during summer and autumn.

Annual rainfall
Annual rainfall averages between 100 mm (4 inches) and 1,000 mm (39 inches) depending on the region.





Overview of Higher Education

The Mexican system of higher education comprises universities, technological universities, polytechnic institutes, and colleges. The number of private institutions increased after federal states were granted greater autonomy in the early 1990s.

All public and private institutions of higher education must be accredited under a law passed in 2006.

The main undergraduate degree is the licenciatura,  which usually takes four or five years. The maestría postgraduate degree typically requires an additional one to three years of research and study, while a doctorado, the highest postgraduate degree, requires yet another two to three years of research.

An estimated 2.45 million students were enrolled in the country’s 4,876 institutes of higher education in 2006.  

(Sources: BBC, The Europa World of Learning)

Number of Colleges, Universities, Technical Institutes

Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (total): 147

Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (private/non-state): 1,350

Number of Higher Education Students

Number of students enrolled: 2,529,000

Number of international students enrolled: 2,880

Contact Information

Secretariat of Public Education

Brasil 31 2 Piso Of. 206, Col. Centro 06029 Mexico, DF

Web site: http://www.sep.gob.mx/index.jsp

Phone: 5531-6546

E-mail: tuiran@sep.gob.mx

Contact: Dr. Rodolfo Tuiran Guteierrez, Subsecretary of Higher Education