Hong Kong is reshaping its higher-education system from that of the British three-year model to the four-year model present in the United States and mainland China.
Hong Kong, long occupied by Britain, is now back with China as a special administrative region. The handover from British to Chinese rule in 1997 followed a pledge by China–part of its “one country, two systems” policy–that the island and its islets in the South China Sea would remain highly autonomous through 2047. Hong Kong evolved from a smattering of fishing villages in the 19th century to an economic powerhouse in the 20th, largely as a result of inexpensive labor and the textile industry. It is known today for its financial-services industry, skyscrapers overlooking the harbor, and neon-lit streets teeming with people.
In winter, the weather is cool, with generally bright and dry weather in early winter but in late winter, it is typically overcast and occasional cold fronts are experienced. Snow and frost are unlikely to form as sub-zero Celsius temperatures very rarely occur at sea level. Rainfall is also uncommon at this stage.
In spring, the chance of rainfall increases, and humidity is usually higher than in autumn.
June (Summer) to September (Fall) are hottest months of the year. Temperature ranges between 26 °C and 34 °C (79 °F to 93 °F) with humidity of 60–70% during the day, and even higher at night. Thunderstorms and heavy rain are common. Hong Kong may be hit by typhoons during summer and early autumn, but these events are not unknown in late spring either.
In autumn the weather is generally sunny, with less frequent rainfall. They are often considered the most pleasant months because of mild to warm temperatures without the high humidity experienced in spring and summer.
Hong Kong's climate is subtropical and monsoonal with cool dry winters and hot wet summers. As of 2006, its annual average rainfall is 2,214 mm, though about 80% of the rain falls between May and September. It is occasionally affected by tropical cyclones between May and November, most often from July to September. The mean temperature of Hong Kong ranges from 17 °C in January to 29 °C in July.
$223,764,000,000 (2008 estimate)
7,055,071 (2009 estimate)
Overview of Higher Education
The system of higher education in Hong Kong reflects years of efforts to modernize the level and quality of instruction to better respond to shifts in the economy, particularly the need for a better-educated work force in light of the migration of low-skill jobs to the mainland. The government now provides first-year spots for 18 percent of students between the ages of 17 and 20.
Hong Kong is reshaping its higher-education system from that of the British three-year model to the four-year model present in the United States and mainland China. The change, which is planned for 2012, will involve allocating millions of dollars towards research and hiring around 1,000 new professors.
Eight public and three private institutions provide the traditional slate of advanced degrees, ranging from an associate degree to a doctorate.
(Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong Tourism Board, The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region)
Number of Colleges, Universities, Technical Institutes
Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (total): 21
Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (private/non-state): 8
Number of Higher Education Students
Number of students enrolled: 302,900
Education Bureau (EDB)
15/F, Wu Chung House, 213 Queen's Road East, Wan Chai, Hong Kong
Web site: http://www.edb.gov.hk/
Phone: (852) 2892 6668
Contact: Ms. Michelle Li, JP, Deputy Secretay (ed) 1 Further and Higher Education Branch