Argentina has had three Nobel-Prize winners in the sciences.
Argentina is the second largest country in South America, stretching 3,800 kilometers from tip to tip. It encompasses vast plains to the east and the Andes Mountains to the west. Much of the south comprises rocky plateaus carved by glaciers. It gained independence from Spain in 1816, but its history as a sovereign state has been dominated by political conflict. A longstanding territorial dispute with Britain over the Falkland Islands led to war in 1982 and the fall of a military junta. Subsequent boom-and-bust economic cycles resulted in a deep recession, then outright economic collapse in 2001. Street protests have tested the democratic government, but the economy is on the mend. Argentina is well known for having a strong literary tradition, a robust film industry, and, of course, for being the home of the tango.
Argentina is subject to a variety of climates. The north of the country, including latitudes in and below the Tropic of Capricorn, is characterized by very hot, humid summers (which result in a lot of swamp lands) with mild drier winters, and is subject to periodic droughts during the winter season. Central Argentina has hot summers with thunderstorms (in western Argentina producing some of the world's largest hail), and cool winters. The southern regions have warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall, especially in mountainous zones. Higher elevations at all latitudes experience cooler conditions.
Yearly annual rainfall is 1,146 millimeters (45 inches). Most frequent rainfalls occur in autumn and spring. They are usually short showers, during the hot months.
Overview of Higher Education
Argentina confers both undergraduate and graduate degrees. A professional title, or licenciatura, requires between four and six years of study, depending on the subject. A doctorate, or doctorado, usually requires an additional two years of study.
Vocational and professional postsecondary education typically runs two years and is provided by institutes of technology and other postsecondary institutions in the country’s nearly two dozen provinces, in addition to the municipality of Buenos Aires.
Tuition at public institutions of higher learning is generally free.
In 2004 some 1.8 million students were pursuing higher education in Argentina. The majority of students, or 1.2 million, were enrolled at universities, while 500,000 and 20,000 were enrolled at general non-university institutions and specialized institutions, respectively.
(Sources: The Europa World of Learning, BBC, Argentine Ministry of Industry and Tourism)
Number of Colleges, Universities, Technical Institutes
Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (total): 124
Number of Colleges, Universities, and Technical Institutes (private/non-state): 42
Number of Higher Education Students
Number of students enrolled: 2,202,000
Ministry of Education
Pizzurno 935, C1020ACA Buenos Aires
Web site: http://spuweb.siu.edu.ar/studyinargentina/index.php
Phone: (11) 4129-1000
Contact: Juan Carlos Tedesco, Minister of Education